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Groups] [113th Cavalry Photo Album]
||Iowa National Guard
Normandy // Northern France // Rhineland // Central Europe
S. Biddle, COL, CAV
113th Cavalry Group (Mecz) under command of Colonel William S.
Biddle, Cavalry, with the 113th and 125th Cavalry
Squadrons, went into action at St. Jean de Haye on
, where it engaged the 17th SS Panzer
Grenadier Division headed for Carentan and Isigny.
Next came St. Lo with the 35th Infantry Division on 28 July.
Bypassing St. Lo, it moved toward Percy to join the 2d Armored Division
and became engaged with elements of the 116th Panzer Division.
After this action it moved on to Vire with the 2d Armored.
13 August found the group in an offensive mission at Mortain, advancing
with the XIX Corps to the Faliaise Gap. On 20 August the Group closed a 35 mile
gap between XIX Corps and V Corps. Contact
was established between American and British Troops which closed the
Falaise-Argentan Gap. Early
in September, the 113th shared the honor of being one of the
first units to enter
About 25 December 1944, the 113th was in the Aachen area on an
offensive mission but later moved to the northern edge of the Hurtigen Forest,
where it held a sector on the northern shoulder of the Bulge.
Early in February, the group in the attack took part in the Roer crossing
with the XIX Corps, and in March it had the mission of filling the gap between
XIX and XIII Corps during the
crossings. Later in March and early
in April still on the offensive, the 113th
took part in sealing off a large enemy pocket in the
after which it moved to the
and established contact with the Russians at Spallinsdorf on 20 April.
article is extracted from a supplemental student text (undated) written for the
US Army Armor School by LTC (Ret) James W. Cooke